Today, we’re going to provide you with a quick guide on outdoor porcelain pavers. You’ll learn all about installing porcelain pavers, how to lay the pavers, and the best areas for placing them.
What Are Porcelain Pavers?
Meant for exterior spaces, outdoor porcelain pavers are extremely durable, very light-weight, and easy to install. They can be used in backyards, on driveways, on balconies, and in pool areas. Their intrinsic sturdiness makes them perfect for both light traffic as well as high traffic areas.
The Required Tools For Porcelain Pavers Installation
- Wet Saw for cutting the pavers
- Thinset and mortar for adhesive installs
- Paver clamps can be used for install/removal of pavers
The Do’s And Don’ts For Porcelain Pavers Installation:
- Do note porcelain pavers should only be cut using a wet saw.
- Do make sure that porcelain pavers are always spaced the required 4 mm apart from one another.
- Do make sure that the area of your substrate is always greater than the porcelain paver itself Usually 8”-9” is ideal.
- Do ensure that your paver is able to properly drain by placing on a slope. It’s advisable this floor slope is 2 degrees. Varies by job.
- Don’t use a plate compactor after laying the pavers.
- Don’t forget to level your substrate and compact it before proceeding with the placement of pavers.
- Don’t forget to read install-specific instructions thoroughly to avoid damages.
How-To Perform Ground Installations
Dry Installation On Gravel (Ground)
Perfect setup to use porcelain pavers for driveways.
- Prepare the substrate to be 8”-10” larger than the perimeter of the pavers.
- Dig a 2-inch base.
- Add fine gravel.
- Compact the gravel.
- Place pavers directly over gravel and you’re set.
Dry Installation On Grass
Perfect setup to use porcelain pavers for pools.
- Scope out the area and remove grass and any planting from the patio or walkway where you’re placing the pavers.
- Make sure to create a space larger than the paver itself.
- Compact and level the base used so the surface under each paver is as smooth as possible for best results.
- Lay the porcelain pavers atop the base.
How-To Create Elevated Installations
Elevated Floor Installation – On Fixed Support
- First ensure that the floor and the support the pavers will be placed on has a 2 degree slope and is smooth/flat.
- Draw a layout of where to place the fixed pedestal supports with chalk to optimize placement of pavers.
- Place pedestals along the perimeter at the intersections where the pavers will lay.
- Make sure the remaining spacer tabs are aligned with the gap between pavers. Cut the pedestals into quadrants where the right angles are present.
- Finally, lay the pavers atop pedestals and make sure that the pavers are flush against porcelain pavers spacers.
Elevated Floor Installation – On Adjustable Support
- The paved area should be enclosed fully by some type of restraining device to ensure the pavers don’t move.
- Use laser lines to mark the intersections of the corners of each paver to be laid. (sight works too!)
- Draw the layout of the pedestals on the concrete using chalk.
- Be sure to optimize the placement of the pavers to avoid cuts which would leave sections less than 8” wide.
- Place the first pedestal in one corner of the total area and then place all pavers after along a wall edge.
- Space in accordance to the paver’s width and cut the base of pedestals to ensure they’re as close as possible to the wall.
- Snap off tabs as needed.
- Continue to place the second row parallel to the first and keeping in mind the width of the pavers.
- Finally, place the pavers atop each corner resting the top on a pedestal.
How-To Use Adhesive In Installation
- Cross-check that the concrete is smooth, in good condition, and has a 2 degree slope.
- Clean the surface before application begins.
- Spread exterior-grade thinset mortar over the concrete.
- Lay the pavers on the thinset with ⅛” to 2/16” joint spacing.
- After the thinset has dried, apply the grout.
- Wash the pavers off to remove excess material.
As you can see, there are myriad ways to include porcelain pavers into your design. All it takes is some prep work and you’re bound to have great results in no time!